Nepal triples tiger population: The number of wild tigers in Nepal has officially increased to 355 as of the most recent census, from 121 in 2010.
On July 29, International Tiger Day, officials revealed that the number of tigers in Nepal has nearly tripled over the past 12 years.
With 355 tigers, Nepal has more big cats than it can handle, according to conservationists, exceeding the 250 that it was anticipated would be achieved as part of global efforts to double the wild tiger population.
When Nepal and 12 other nations with tiger range committed to two Panthera tigris populations by the next Year of the Tiger in the Chinese zodiac, 2022, 121 tigers lived there.
At an International Tiger Day celebration in Kathmandu, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba declared that the nation currently has 355 tigers due to the most recent census.
Pem Narayan Kandel, secretary at the Ministry of Forests and Environment, stated that “this success was possible due to the unwavering political will of the government of Nepal, contributions of many stakeholders including enforcement agencies and conservation partners, but most of all the communities that live alongside tigers.”
Making sure that people and nature may live in harmony while balancing the needs of the nation’s growth goals with the need to protect wildlife is a significant problem in the future.
There is rising worry in Nepal that the country’s tiger habitats may have reached their carrying limit amid the enthusiasm and that no other tiger range country is anticipated to see a doubling of their significant cat population since 2010. Conservationists caution that this could worsen the likelihood of human-wildlife conflict in a nation where, over the past fiscal year, tigers have killed three people on average per month.
The new figure is only 45 tigers short of the 400 large cats that conservationists and experts believe the country’s constrained habitat for big animals can support. The subpopulation of 169 tigers in the Chitwan-Parsa complex, the most significant tiger habitat in Nepal, has already reached the carrying capacity of 175 estimated, in a government study.
Local community members had warned about the possibility that the nation’s protected areas had already reached their carrying limit before the most recent census results were made public on June 29.
This upper limit, according to environmentalists engaged in the census and the carrying capacity study, isn’t fixed in stone, and Nepal may be able to support even more tigers with better habitat management.
According to Babu Ram Lamichhane, a biologist with the National Trust for Nature Conservation, a semi-governmental organization, “carrying capacity of protected areas are not constant; they change with time.”
He said, “We hadn’t considered the areas outside protected areas, especially the community forests when we evaluated the carrying capacity of the Chitwan-Parsa complex. We may say that we haven’t reached the carrying capacity since we haven’t conducted carrying capacity research in other environments.